Government exists to provide for the security and welfare of citizens. It is well recognised all over the world that peace and security of life and property are the primary conditions for progress and development of any society.
In line with this, the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria provides that the security and welfare of the people shall be the primary purpose of government. The 1999 constitution (as amended) further provides for social protection under the fundamental objectives and directive principles of state policy.
The basic principles include the State’s obligations to secure the maximum welfare, freedom and happiness of every citizen; provide suitable and adequate shelter, suitable and adequate food, reasonable national minimum living wage, old age care and pensions, and unemployment, sick benefits and welfare of the disabled; ensuring that all citizens have the opportunity for securing adequate means of livelihood as well as adequate opportunity to secure suitable employment; and ensuring that provision is made for public assistance in deserving cases or other conditions of need.